BLEACHING POWDER
Chemical name : Calcium chloro hypo chloride.
Commercial name : Bleaching powder.
Chemical formula : Ca(OCl)Cl.H2O or CaOCl2.H2O.
It is a dirty white amorphous powder with pungent smell of chlorine gas.
Industrial Preparation
of Bleaching Powder
 
On industrial scale it is prepared by "Hasen-Clever Method".
Raw Material
 

1. Slaked lime Ca(OH)2
2. Chlorine gas

Hasen-Clever Plant
 
The plant consists of four cylinder of castiron. Each cylinder is about 2 to 3m long .Each cylinder is provided with a stirrer to ensure the mixing of substances. There is an inlet in the upper most cylinder for Ca(OH)2. The bottom cylinder has an inlet for Cl2 and outlet for bleaching powder. Each cylinder is connected to the other by means of pipes.
Procedure
 
Slaked lime is introduced in the first cylinder with the help of compressed air .Cl2 gas is introduced from the lower most cylinder .In tjis way these two substances meet, when proper saturation is reached, the product is separated from the last cylinder as bleaching powder.
Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 è Ca(OCl)Cl.H2O
Properties
 
It is a strong bleaching agent.Due to liberation of chlorine gas in aqueous solution it decolorize different fabrics. It is also an anti-septic.
Chemical properties
 
Reaction with water:
Ca(OC)Cl + H2O è Ca(OH)2 + Cl2
With HCl:
Ca(OCl)Cl + 2HCl è CaCl2 + Cl2 + H2O
With CO2:
2Ca(OCl)Cl + CO2 + H2O è CaCO3 + CaCl2 +2HOCl
Uses
 
As oxidizing and bleaching agent it is used in textile and other industries. It is also used in the purification of drinking water.
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